Trigonometry (from Greek trigōnon, "triangle" and metron, "measure") is a branch of mathematics that studies relationships between side lengths and angles of triangles.The field emerged in the Hellenistic world during the 3rd century BC from applications of geometry to astronomical studies. The Garden of Archimedes A Museum for Mathematics: Brief history of trigonometry: Brief history of trigonometry Enrico Giusti Greek trigonometry. Hipparchus was a greek astronomer. His work with circles and chords lead him to the 0 0. Source(s): Katz, V. (1998) A History of Mathematics. History of Trigonometry...f ter----- A Brief History of Trigonometry A painting of the famous greek geometrist, and "father of measurement", Euclid. Background. Trigonometry is not the work of any one person or nation. The history of trigonometry and of trigonometric functions spans nearly 4,000 years. Trigonometry will eventually become its own branch of mathematics, as the study of the modern trigonometric functions. A brief history is the same as all nations that have risen to prominence . Arab-Indian contributions. "Nothing lasts forever " "Here today, gone tomorrow" History is littered with once great states, that are no more. Addison Wesley. After about 300 years, Ptolemy built on Hipparchus’s work greatly. New York. The people in the ancient civilizations in Egypt and Mesopotamia looked to the heavens. Anonymous. In the times of the greeks, trigonometry and geometry were important mathematical principles used in building, agriculture and education. Its history spans thousands of years and has touched every major civilization. What is Trigonometry: Trigonometry is the branch of mathematics devoted explicitly to the relationship between the sides and angles of triangles. Recommended as the best general history of mathematics currently available. Part 2 of the History of Trigonometry will take you from Eudoxus to Ptolemy. References. History Of Trigonometry. 0 0. Due to the fact that Hipparchus's work was lost, it was Ptolemy who had restored and enhanced the basics of trigonometry. The history of trigonometry is intimately associated with that of astronomy, being its primary mathematical tool. Its name even sounds triangle-y and for a good reason: the word trigonometry is derived from two Greek words - 'trigonon' which means 'triangle' and 'metron' meaning 'measure.' 5 years ago.