I didn't know what a case or a declension was. Quite simply, a word in the genitive case is translated with the preposition "of". (grammar, uncountable) An inflection pattern (of any given … Each declension can be unequivocally identified by the ending of the genitive singular (- ae, - i, - is, - ūs, - ei ). A word in the genitive case showing possession can be … Unless otherwise stated, the content of this page is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License (The father of the girls is in the field) or (The girls’ father is in the field) Unlike English, it is easier for the beginning Latin student to use the “of” method of translation since the genitive case is most often associated with the word “of” in most Latin language programs. Of, relating to, or being the grammatical case expressing possession, measurement, or source. (grammar) Of or pertaining to that case (as the second case of Latin and Greek nouns) which expresses origin or possession. Uses of the Genitive Case. genitive (not comparable) Of or pertaining to that case (as the second case of Latin and Greek nouns) which expresses a quality, origin or possession. Quiz by tennjo tive. Pater puellarum in agro est. 1. It corresponds to the possessive case in English. (jĕn′ĭ-tĭv) adj. Note that Latin does not have a separate form for the possessive genitive (Marcus's dog vs The dog of Marcus), as English does. There are two principal parts for Latin nouns: the nominative singular and the genitive singular. Test your knowledge on this language quiz and compare your score to others. Genitive case definition: The genitive case is an English grammatical case that is used for a noun, pronoun, or adjective that modifies another noun. The stem of the noun can be identified by the form of the genitive singular as well. It corresponds to the possessive case in English. The genitive case is most commonly used to show possession, but it can also show a thing’s source or a characteristic/trait of something. I … The uses of the genitive may be classified as follows. I use the … "In Latin, it is used to indicate relationships that are most frequently and easily translated into English by the preposition 'of': 'love of god,"the driver of the bus,' the 'state of the union,"the son of God.' Translations Hence it is sometimes called the adjective case, to distinguish it from the dative and the ablative, which may be called adverbial cases. 2. I was completely overwhelmed. I had just entered the class in eighth grade after taking French for the first two years of middle school (why I switched is a long story.) possession. The genitive is regularly used to express the relation of one noun to another. I've been in your shoes. Of or relating to an affix or construction, such as a prepositional phrase, characteristic of the genitive case. The basic use of the genitive case is to express a relationship between one noun and another noun, e.g. Can you name the endings of Latin nouns in the nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, and ablative cases for first, second, and third declension nouns? It thus usually forms a noun phrase, hence my nickname, the “gregarious genitive, ” because it likes to hang out with other nouns. The genitive case is most familiar to English speakers as the case in which nouns, pronouns and adjective express possession, says the clear-thinking Classics Department at the Ohio State University. At one point, I hated Latin too. n. I. Genitive with Nouns: 1. A word or phrase in this case.