Have to can play the role of must in the past (had to) present, and future tenses. In this case, the verb phrase consists of the main verb plus any auxiliary, or helping, verbs. The clause with might have describes the possible result of the unreal situation described by the "if" clause. We have placed cookies on your device to improve your experience on our website. All … must have constituted. The phrase is usually used as a fashion advice and is speculated to have originated from the same genre. You must tell me! Today we will take a look at the modal verbs could have, would have and should have. MUST HAVE; Must expresses an opinion: an inference, a conclusion, based on known details. Often, you’ll hear this phrase used in arguments or regrets about the past. "might not have": we believe it's possible that the action did not happen, but we don't know. 43. It is possible that she has gone to the shops, but it is also possible that she has gone somewhere else. Rules for the Modal Verbs Must and Have To. It functions as the verb in a sentence, even when it has more than one word. "can't have": we believe the action definitely did not happen (the opposite of "must have"). 60 / 16k. Be that must have been or any other phrase in the English language. However; We use must when we talk about a strong possibility based on facts referring to the past. 119. The audience fell silent when the conductor walked on stage. Dreams come true when we believe in them. Police have to arrest the criminals as soon as possible. She usually takes her car so I deduce that she has definitely not left the house because her car is outside (the opposite of "must have"). His train ____ delayed. Verb Phrase Examples. Read on. The receptionist said, “You have to wait, the doctor must be on the way.”; You must take a stand for yourself, or else you have to follow others command. As against, have to represents an obligation or duty of the subject, to act in a specified manner. 137. ; I went to meet the doctor, but he was not at the clinic. Following are some verb phrase examples where the verb phrase is the predicate of a sentence. "She must have left the house by now; it’s nearly 11 o'clock." For example: “You should not have lied to me!”. Tom acted nervous when the teacher found the note. She usually leaves her house before 11 o’clock so I deduce that she has definitely left the house. How to use must in a sentence. Shouldn't the second sentence in the original post be 'That must have been an uneasy task,' with the negation in the noun phrase rather than in the verb phrase? Meaning: Someone who is vigilant late at night. You can find out more in our Cookie Policy and Privacy Policy Continue. For example: a) Sharad must have been sleeping when I knocked at the door. The phrase have to doesn’t look like a modal verb, but it performs the same function. must have worked. Must Have Done (V3) Modal "must" has a meaning of necessity, many think that "must have V3" has the same meaning as "should have V3". "must have": we believe the action definitely happened. The customer service industry thrives on 24*7 availability of people. exact 20. related RELATED must have beaten. A CONCLUSION: The car driver must have panicked when he saw the buses moving in on both sides. "must have": we believe the action definitely happened. These past tense modals are useful for expressing your present feelings about a past decision (or other action). If he had understood the consequences, he ____ the email. "can't have": we believe the action definitely did not happen (the opposite of "must have"). By continuing to use our website without changing your settings, we assume you are happy to receive these cookies. something that is an essential item (though not necessarily for living) He is late for this appointment. must have strengthened. She must have … “You should have been more careful!”. (No other exits were available.) That said, must have been is used when you see some clear evidence and are sure that the thing you are going to talk about has actually happened, but you are still not 100% sure. Criminals must be life-sentenced. must have guaranteed. Someone must have broken into the house. must have existed. The breaking force for Mg coated fibres versus coating thickness seen in Figure 11 showed a decrease of force during initial coating which indicated that the fibres must have been damaged during the early stages of the coating process. See examples of Must have been in English. something that is an essential item (though not necessarily for living), She gets these pregnancy cravings and has been saying that she, It was made very clear to the salesman that we. Maria might have been more forthcoming with the news. He must have been overwhelmed with the responsibility - and guilt. You must take a stand for yourself, or else you have to follow others command. Copyright 2013-2020 Copyright and trademark information. Must have expresses an opinion about an earlier (past) situation. The bus passengers must have heard a crunch. Example sentences with the word must. Subscribe to our new updates in your email. The real situation and result: I didn’t know about the traffic problem so I am imagining the possibility of taking a different route if I had known. They ____ the project yet because they only started work on it this week. must example sentences. She usually leaves her house before 11 o’clock so I deduce that she has definitely left the house. A verb phrase can be the predicate of the clause or sentence. It is possible that he has not finished his exams, but it is also possible that he has finished them. b)She must have been cooking while we were at uncle’s. Sarah thinks she ____ her purse on the bus. Use “should have been” to express what you think should have happened, but did not happen. – user58319 Apr 23 '18 at 11:54 Sentence examples for must have been from inspiring English sources. The modal verb must is used to express obligation and necessity. Sentences Menu. Must have been can be used in sentences. (sound) The car passengers must have escaped out the back. Example: In order to earn their bread so many people now have to turn into night owls. Here are some examples: The lock is broken. Real sentences showing how to use Must have been correctly. must have encouraged. In these examples, you might have observed that the word must is used to indicate the ‘necessity’ or ‘need of the hour’. 131. "If I had known about the traffic problems, I. As in 'You must have felt tired after that long trip.' The crowd stayed calm in spite of the imminent threat. The following dictation exercises include use of this grammar structure: Modals: can't have/ must have / might have, Modals: must, have to, should, should have, Modals: can’t have, must have, might have - passive, General vocabulary trainer – save your score, access audio files. For Example: I saw Cynthia crying a few minutes ago. Content: Must Vs Have to = 'You can't have felt fresh after that long trip.' must have delivered. "might have": we believe it's possible that the action happened, but we don't know.