Sodium chloride dissolves in water as sodium cations and chlorine anions. The answer will appear below; Always use the upper case for the first character in the element name and the lower case for the second character. Write a balanced chemical equation for the decomposition reaction. Do not include phases. Like most chemical reactions, the rate of the reaction depends on temperature. Balance the reaction of NaHCO3 = Na2CO3 + H2O + CO2 using this chemical equation balancer! Baking soda starts to break into washing soda, carbon dioxide, and water at room temperature when mixed with water, which is why you shouldn't store baking soda in an open container or wait too long between mixing a recipe and putting it in the oven. Dr. Helmenstine holds a Ph.D. in biomedical sciences and is a science writer, educator, and consultant. It's also how you can make sodium carbonate, another useful chemical, also called washing soda. With the balanced equation, there is the same number of atoms for each element; 2Na, 2C, 6O, 2H The balanced equation for the decomposition of sodium bicarbonate into sodium carbonate, carbon dioxide, and water is: 2 NaHCO3(s) → Na2CO3(s) + CO2(g) + H2O(g) Like most chemical reactions, the rate of the reaction depends on temperature. Direct link to this balanced equation: Instructions on balancing chemical equations: Enter an equation of a chemical reaction and click 'Balance'. Balanced equation: 2 NaHCO 3 (s) = Na 2 CO 3 (s) + CO 2 (g) + H 2 O(g) Reaction type: decomposition When dry, baking soda doesn't decompose very quickly, although it does have a shelf life, so you should test it before using it as a cooking ingredient or in an experiment. To balance a chemical equation, enter an equation of a chemical reaction and press the Balance button. The balanced equation will appear above. NaCl + Na2CO3 → 3Na^+ + Cl^- + CO3^-2 Essentially there is no reaction. Write a balanced chemical equation for the decomposition reaction. Sodium carbonate or washing soda also undergoes a decomposition reaction, although this molecule is more heat-stable than sodium bicarbonate. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Making Sodium Carbonate From Sodium Bicarbonate, Baking Soda Chemical Formula (Sodium Bicarbonate), Equation for the Reaction Between Baking Soda and Vinegar, Examples of Chemical Reactions in Everyday Life, The Difference Between Baking Soda and Baking Powder, Balanced Equation Definition and Examples, Ph.D., Biomedical Sciences, University of Tennessee at Knoxville, B.A., Physics and Mathematics, Hastings College. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. 2NaHCO3 → Na2CO3 + H2O + CO2. Use uppercase for the first character in the element and lowercase for the second character. She has taught science courses at the high school, college, and graduate levels. The decomposition reaction of sodium bicarbonate or baking soda is an important chemical reaction for baking because it helps baked goods rise. Examples: Fe, Au, Co, Br, C, O, N, F. Ionic charges are not yet supported and will be ignored. When NaHCO3 is heated above 270 °C, it decomposes to Na2CO3, H2O, and CO2. One way to speed up the decomposition of the dry ingredient is by heating it in a warm oven. Calculate the mass of CO2 produced from the decomposition of 61.00 g of NaHCO3. Do not include phases.Calculate the mass of CO2 produced from the decomposition of 21.00 g of NaHCO3. Na2CO3 + H2O + AlBr3 = CO2 + NaBr + Al(OH)3; Na2CO3 + H2O + AlCl3 = Al(OH)3 + CO2 + NaCl; Na2CO3 + H2O + AlCl3 = Al(OH)3 + NaCl + CO2; Na2CO3 + H2O + Br = NaHCO3 + NaBr + NaBrO; Na2CO3 + H2O + Br2 = NaHCO3 + NaBr + NaBrO; Na2O + H2O = NaOH; As2O5 + Ca(OH)2 = Ca3(AsO4)2 + H2O; Li + H2O = LiOH + H2; Ca(HCO3)2 + KOH = CaCO3 + K2CO3 + H2O; Recently Balanced Equations The balanced equation for the reaction is: The decomposition of anhydrous sodium carbonate into sodium oxide and carbon dioxide occurs slowly at room temperature and proceeds to completion at 851 C (1124 K). The balanced equation for the decomposition of sodium bicarbonate into sodium carbonate, carbon dioxide, and water is: 2 NaHCO3(s) → Na2CO3(s) + CO2(g) + H2O(g). Sodium bicarbonate dissolves to form again sodium ions and bicarbonate ions. As the temperature increases to the boiling point of water (100 Celcius), the reaction goes to completion, with the decomposition of all the sodium bicarbonate. You would need to add the coefficient of 2 to the sodium bicarbonate molecule because you need 2 Na atoms in Na2CO3.