Furthermore, the Hopi and other Native Americans have long been treated as foreigners, not citizens” (p. 107). Cortez is harassed and receives no justice in the U.S. courts” (p. 718). The importation of slaves to the United States was outlawed in 1808, but black-market sales continued. To salvage a failing public school system, we need to remove de facto control of the content of the K-12 curriculum from education schools as soon as possible. The ST suggests that no one should want to assimilate to this country’s values. The TE suggests that “it is difficult to be a Hopi because many whites are prejudiced against Native Americans; others tend to idealize them, denying their humanity. 3. POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF K TO 12 CURRICULUM PROGRAM ON THE LABORATORY HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS OF NUEVA ECIJA UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, SAN ISIDRO CAMPUS, TABON ANNEX ON THE ACADEMIC YEAR 2016 TO 2017 Although the K to 12 assures a brighter tomorrow, many problems [16]In our political culture, he observed, the adult American is understood to be “a being capable of both rational and moral choice.” Upon this assumption, he wrote, “the republic rests.” Yet, as he pointed out in his survey of American novels of the 20th century, they have seriously weakened, if not obliterated, a view of the individual as someone free to make choices and responsible for them. Moreover, while both male and female students’ scores were lower in 2005 in comparison to 1992, the decline in reading skills is far more a young male than a young female phenomenon, with female students outscoring male students by 13 points, amounting to over one grade level difference between girls and boys. E.g., in a unit titled “Alienation of the Individual,” after a poem by Anne Sexton that follows one by Sylvia Plath, students are asked: “Based on the details you recorded (in your notebook), expand the title {“Self in 1958”) into a general statement that explains the theme, or main idea, of the poem.” The TE suggests: “the idealized role of the 1950s homemaker left many feeling alienated and not real” (p. 1061). What do NAEP reading tests show? And according to … (NAEP’s long-term trend tests in reading show a 14-point differential among 17-year olds.) Participants at a meeting in Vancouver will look for ways... 420 Madison Avenue, 7th Floor, New York, NY 10017, Copyright © 2020 National Association of Scholars, http://www.uow.edu.au/arts/sts/bmartin/dissent/documents/Facundo/Facundo.html. The goals of critical pedagogy are reflected in the pedagogical structure for individual selections in the student text (ST) and in the material in the teachers’ edition (TE). [15] Sandra Stotsky, Stealth Curriculum: Manipulating America’s History Teachers, Washington, D.C.: Fordham Institute, April 2004. E.g., “Students are asked: “What influences from the Declaration of Independence do you see on Olympe de Gouges’ Declaration of the Rights of Women? The Negative Influence of Education Schools on the K-12 Curriculum I ntroduction Teacher educators as a group tend to discourage scientific research on the effectiveness and effects of the pedagogical theories and practices that they promote in coursework for aspiring or practicing teachers and administrators. E.g., selections in the first unit highlight European exploitation or brutality in the New World in the context of selections about the cultural traditions of several Indian tribes, their hospitality to the first Europeans they encountered, and the slave trade. The social and political criteria it justified not only helped to determine the literary works read in the English class and the thematic connections that students were encouraged to see among these works, they motivated the use of other kinds of material as well—videos, diaries, letters, and a variety of other primary documents. The three authors of the first article, “Whole Language: A Research Agenda for the Nineties,” make the reasonable suggestion that, to resolve the debate, researchers should design research comparing groups of students taught each way and find out which group does better.