Reinforcing should be present in addition to teaching the skill (e.g., tapping your arm, using a communication switch). an “Outside” picture card. behavior intervention plan based on the function of the problem behavior. If they wander outside to explore interesting items teach them that they need permission first. If it’s easier to hit you than to find a communication device, look through it to find the right vocabulary, and then hit the button to tell you I want to talk to you, then hitting is going to prevail. Easier: The replacement behavior needs to be easier for the individual to implement than the challenging behavior. If the child can communicate they can request permission to go outside, e.g. Aggressive behavior is a common problem for many children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). It goes against everything we are told by our supervisors and parents. Don’t refrain from teaching appropriate ways to gain attention: Behavior is maintained by a counter reinforcement behavior, the replacement skill here will be something that attracts attention appropriately. She is a Board Certified Assistant Behavior Analyst (BCaBA) through the University of North Texas and is currently enrolled in the M.S. Behavior, which can be defined as the way in which one acts or conducts oneself, especially toward others, often is the result of a conglomeration of events. However, consistency is key. The important part of this intervention is that the team must know the function of the behavior in order to teach an effective replacement skill. If a problem behavior is addressed in the same manner, using 3-step prompting, in all instances, the effectiveness of this method increases. Additional resources are listed at this end of this handout. She will graduate in the spring of 2012. Once you have identified the triggers, teach your child replacement behaviors. Speak to … Operational definitions allow you to convey either what the behavior looks like (topography) or what function the behavior serves while providing sufficient detail to be clear. It goes against our grain to teach a student to “get out of” the work we are trying to teach him. 3-step prompting is a proven method to reduce problem behavior and promote positive social behaviors in children with autism disorder. For example, a child’s bad behavior may be a response to a negative sensory experience, or it may be the child’s way of receiving more attention from parents, teachers and friends, or it may be both. Intervention Strategies for Aggression: Hitting. REPLACEMENT BEHAVIORS These are communicative alternatives that provide an immediate mechanism for the student to meet their needs. in ABA & Autism program at The Sage Colleges. In talking about replacement behaviors, probably one of the replacement strategies that most challenge teachers is how to replace behaviors that serve to escape from situations. The above steps can be implemented at home, in school or in the community. If they wander in the middle of the night teach them to stay in bed when they can’t sleep. Although they require some practice to write effectively, operational definitions are a key component in writing your behavior intervention plan (BIP) or when collecting data about specific behaviors.