The reflexive possessive pronoun rarely modifies nouns in the nominative form. (proverb) - One's own shirt is closer to the body. Did you know that in the Russian language there is such a grammatical category as possessive adjectives? Of the fox. This pronoun can be used only if the possessor and the subject are in the same phrase. Notice that they reflect the animacy of the modified nouns and obey the declension rule of animate/inanimate referents in the accusative forms. Leave this field empty if you're human: Find the tips about. These are your sisters. Possessive adjectives replace the use of the genitive case for nouns denoting people, animals and names of professions.… However, the third person possessives are formally invariable and identical to the genitive form of the third person personal pronouns. 2. Unlike English, Russian uses the same form for a possessive adjective and the corresponding possessive pronoun. In Russian, adjectives agree with the noun in gender, number and case. Russian Possessive Adjectives; Russian Tip of the Day. Words like “My, Your, Our, His, Her” in English. The possessive pronouns my, his, her, your, our, and their attribute possession to someone or something. This lesson shows typical endings for singular and plural adjectives. Subscribe and get a Russian Tip in your inbox every day! International Online Russian Language School, Russian Language and Literature According to the Russian School Program. He loves his dog. Pay attention! Possessive pronouns indicate who something belongs to. The Possessive Pronouns. A. Заячий (Заячьего). Он свой человек. ), the adjective must be in Accusative too. There are 2 types of possessive adjectives: Серёжин, Серёжина, Серёжино, Серёжины: Sergey’s. In Russian there is no distinction between possessive pronouns and possessive adjectives. In the nominative singular, adjectives have the following endings: Adjectives in the Accusative Case. The change of adjectives depending on cases is called declension. The pronouns in the 3d person (he, she, it, them) do not change. = Ты любишь свою собаку? This is one reason why you may see them also referred to as possessive modifiers. The second type is formed from the nouns denoting people or animals. In Russian grammar they are called possessive pronouns притяжательные местоимения (compare with possessive adjectives like Peter's = петин above). No reproduction is allowed without written permission of the author. моё[ma-yó]– neuter. We love our dog. In the Russian language, the possessive pronouns include words мой (my), твой (familiar your), наш (our), ваш (polite your), свой.The possessive pronouns indicate that things belong to somebody or something else. declension rule of animate/inanimate referents. Remember! Not all Russian possessive pronouns change their form in the Genitive case. The second type is formed from the nouns denoting people or animals. Possessive adjectives in English describe a noun and show who or what possesses that noun. All rights reserved. Это мой паспорт (masc sing). Just like other adjectives, they are placed before the noun. In Russian, adjectives agree with nouns in gender, number and case. each personal pronoun has a related possessive pronoun: Russian possessive pronouns are modifiers, they agree in gender, number, and case with the modified noun, and they are also referred to as possessive pronominal adjectives since their behavior in a phrase or sentence is similar to adjectives. мои́[ma-ée]– … In this case, it is preferably to use the pronoun свой, since in Russian the pronoun его could be interpreted in some situations not only as his own dog, but also as someone else's dog. Below is the list of possessive pronouns. : Ты любишь твою собаку? D. Заячьему. The first and second person singular and plural possessives, however, use a separate form for each gender and number. = Мы любим свою собаку. : Он любит свою собаку. In Russian there is no distinction between possessive pronouns and possessive adjectives. Generally, the reflexive possessive pronoun can replace any possessive pronoun, but it is specially required if the subject of the verb is one of the third person personal pronouns он, она, они. The suffixes are: ий, ья, ье, ьи. (not always equal to: Он любит его собаку.). The tables below present the complete declensions of Russian possessive pronouns. - It … In English, they are used by placing a possessive pronoun in front of a noun (my dream, her sister).In Russian, possessive pronouns are more tricky because they agree in gender and number with the nouns they are describing. As mentioned above, Russian possessive pronouns agree in case with nouns, i.e. Russian school Russificate © 2013-2020. (ie the noun owned). Today, let’s look at the Russian possessive pronouns in the Genitive. The pronouns его, её and их are invariable: they never change their form in none of the six cases. Practice everyday Russian with native professional teachers for only 6 euros for a 20-minute lesson! In Russian, these pronouns reflect all three persons, i.e. There is also a particular pronoun свой in Russian, called reflexive possessive pronoun, that means one's own and reflects ownership to subject of the verb in a phrase. Subscribe and get a Russian Tip in your inbox every day! Possessive adjectives form a class of their own in Russian grammar. In Russian grammar they are called possessive pronouns притяжательные местоимения (compare with possessive adjectives like Peter's = петин above). Possessive adjectives form a class of their own in Russian grammar. So, if the noun is in Accusative (Acc. Russian Possessive Adjectives Мамин, мамина. I. Зачьим. Possessive adjectives and pronouns . It may be used with nouns in nominative in the construction with Russian preposition у meaning to have, such as У меня есть I have, where it stands for "one's own and not somebody else's", and also in several Russian proverbs and idiomatic expressions. Russian possessive pronouns are modifiers, they agree in gender, number, and case with the modified noun, and they are also referred to as possessive pronominal adjectives since their behavior in a phrase or sentence is similar to adjectives. Do you love your dog? - He is our kind of guy. [1] They can be formed with a variety of suffixes; moreover, with additional suffixes, it is possible to create entirely new possessive-relational adjectives, which cross categorical boundaries. Possessive pronouns are words used in place of a noun or another pronoun which indicate ownership (in English, these are pronouns "my", "your", "his", "her" etc.). In Russian, possessive pronouns depend on the gender and number of the subject you are talking about. A possessive pronoun is a pronoun that shows ownership. There are. Possessive Pronouns. Please note that the genders indicated in the following tables refer to the gender of the noun that these pronouns modify. For example in the phrase "My book", you would use the 1st person (my) and feminie gender (book is feminine) (Моя).Don't confuse this with the pronouns "his" and "her" (Его and Её).