to the upper limb and body while rotating. to pull or remove a lamb/kid that is in an abnormal position. trying to push. opposite of each other. This stage lasts about 1-2 hours (15 to 30 minutes per lamb/kid). Make sure the legs are all from the same lamb/kid. limb.) This It can visually be determined that the lamb/kid is coming in an abnormal section. attempts at urination. trauma, and infection, never try to force the cervix open. correcting the problem. Dystocia (Lambing or Kidding Difficulty): The ability to recognize lambing/kidding difficulty is as important as proper One of the criteria for making a plan of action involves determining if that it is not good for the ewe/doe to eat her placenta. the ewe/doe and baby. previous information. At this time, the tip of the nose and front feet of the lamb can be felt. In some cases, Once it has been determined that an animal is having difficulty, the Then while pushing the lamb/kid back into the pelvis, the Then force the hock upwards and Stage 2 ends with birth of the lamb/kid. way. A dead lamb/kid, if not removed within hours, will severely compromise Next, apply liberal amounts of a lubricant jelly (K-Y™ Jelly, Lubrivet™, Once both legs are exposed, the lamb/kid can be delivered routinely. The head can be turned to either side, straight behind or even down pelvis. Consult a veterinarian for specifics. This stage lasts 1-8 hours and may be longer in first time mothers. allowing the widest part of the lamb/kid (the hips from side-to-side) to Then snare over the head of the lamb/kid nearest the birth canal and holding it lambing/kidding. Beyond a contraction and pushing. This may mean a cesarean bacterial infections. routinely. Immediately seek professional help if any of the following arise: No progress is made with 30 minutes of skilled effort to correct the. Once both shoulders are through the canal, pressure can be placed on both Never try by crossing the legs and placing pressure on the upper leg and shoulders, while A dead lamb/kid may be more easily removed by having a If the problem is simultaneous delivery of twins, repel one back into the case. fetlock and the hoof. retained. A common error of the inexperienced producer is posture: * Because the head of the lamb/kid is immersed in fluids during the delivery, spinal block (epidural) administered. in full labor for 30 to 40 minutes with no progress, examine her to determine if obvious uterine contractions. The shoulder of this limb should be pulled through the birth canal. lamb/kid struggles to breathe. No more force than the equivalent of two of the lamb/kid is accomplished by crossing the legs and applying pressure remove it. (For example, you see 3 or more feet, the tail, etc.). Gently poking the eye - the lamb/kid usually moves its head. tests: Pinching between the toes and having the lamb/kid pull away. When a ewe/doe has been With one hand, try to cup the end of the hoof on the leg(s) that is Trying to deliver a lamb/kid that is in an abnormal position without first The water sac is observed for longer than 1 hour and the animal is not out and use them to rotate the lamb/kid.). or soapy water, removing all dirt and. Determine the presentation, position, and posture of the. Rotation should not be performed unless completely necessary. antiseptic. hind limbs may be present. If more space is required, one hand can be placed on the chest or head of The lamb is expelled. Once the lamb/kid is right-side up, but the legs are still retained, pull limbs and the lamb/kid pulled until the chest is outside of the mother’s following steps should be taken: Delivery of a lamb/kid in normal presentation, position, and posture using If manipulations need to be performed, it is very beneficial to have a Checking rectal tone by placing a finger in the rectum - the tissue around Frequently, this is where the umbilical cord is compressed and the The placenta is also rich in the. This is accomplished by putting a lamb saver or problems, and very possibly an eversion or prolapse of the vagina and uterus. the health of the mother. Stage 1 ends with the fetal parts entering the birth canal. If all 4 limbs are from the same lamb/kid, deliver the hind legs first. Because it increases the risk of Eventually, a large "bubble" or water bag will appear, break, and expel the water. As labor progresses, the ewe will spend more time lying down on her side with her head turned in the air. Clean the vulva and surrounding area and use a lubricant (J-Lube, etc.). Visible signs of second stage labor include appearance of the water sac and evidence of a foot or leg exiting the birth canal. simple assistance, the novice should call a veterinarian when in doubt about uterus with one hand while positioning the head with the other. one lamb/kid, and then follow the same steps to deliver the second, third, etc. Many animals die because of prolonged manipulation of lambs the lamb/kid. developing expertise through experience is often the best way to learn. overall large lamb/kid. pass more readily through the widest part of the mother’s pelvis. There are a few hard and fast rules about handling dystocia, and gradually contamination. At this point the lamb/kid can be rotated back to normal and removed Some ewes paw gently while others will create huge mounds of bedding in an effort to create a welcoming area for delivery. veterinarian perform a. infection of the female reproductive tract, vaginal examination of the ewe/doe pull on the legs to make sure that the legs and head are from the same lamb/kid. rotating. upward direction (towards the tail of the mother) until the hips of the repel (push back) the head of the lamb/kid that is present and follow the legs people manually pulling should ever be used. If the ewe/doe is down, traction should first be placed on the lamb’s or limbs flex in the same direction. between the legs. birth canal. All traction placed on the lamb/kid should coincide with the mother having Never apply traction to a lamb/kid with the head or kid. A weak, yet live lamb/kid, needs fast removal. Clip excess and dirty wool or hair from around the anus and vulva. Because it often leads to hemorrhage, shock, significant amount of effort can cause severe injury and possible death to If the legs and head are not from the same lamb/kid, take plenty of time to Deliver forward while cupping the hoof of that leg. uterus while holding the other. toward the rear of the mother while repelling the other lamb or kid. cannot be determined. It may also be necessary to push the body of the lamb/kid back into the