This cultivar is tolerant of lime soil. For graduate student information, contact Dr. Doug Archbold at 859-257-3352, or, White Ash - Fraxinus americanaOlive Family (Oleaceae). ‘Autumn Applause' - A seedless male with maroon fall color. The white ash genus name, Fraxinus, is from the Latin name for the Old World ash species. If you’ve ever “smothered a fire” at a campsite by shifting ashes over hot coals, you … It is a traditional timber of choice for production of baseball bats and tool handles. You can use white ash for any woodworking project that you would red oak: chairs, tables, desks, and cabinets. The disease causes leaf loss, crown dieback, and lesions in the bark. The main types of ash wood you will come across in building, construction and for general human use is wood from the white ash (Fraxinus americana) and the black ash (Fraxinus nigra).There are other species of ash tree as well, including European Ash (Fraxinus excelsior), Oregon Ash (Fraxinus latifolia) and Green Ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica). N-318 Ag Sciences Center University of Kentucky Lexington, KY 40546-0091, Fax (Lexington): 859-257-2859       (Princeton): 270-365-2667, For questions about home gardening, landscaping or commercial horticulture production, please contact your county extension agent. Removes Stains from Concrete. [21] The lack of tannins in the American ash variety makes them a good food source for frogs, but are not resistant to the ash borer. The seeds are used to make medicine. [22], The emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis), also commonly known by the acronym EAB, is a green beetle native to Asia. To put its damage in perspective, the number of chestnuts killed by the chestnut blight was around 3.5 billion chestnut trees while there are 3.5 billion ash trees in Ohio alone. ‘Autumn Blaze' - A female tree selected for purple fall color and light fruit set. An infusion is used to promote menstruation. Common Trees of the North Carolina Piedmont: Nesom, G.L. It is found in mesophytic hardwood forests from Nova Scotia west to Minnesota, south to northern Florida, and southwest to eastern Texas. Today only on-site professionals diagnosing an individual tree can responsibly make such determinations. Availability. [16] It makes a serviceable longbow if properly worked. ‘Rosehill' - A seedless male selected for its dark green foliage that turns bronze-red in the fall. Using cultivated varieties, however, ensures consistent fall color. White ash seed attracts several bird species, including finches, cardinals, grosbeaks, grouse, turkey and quail. In some areas, where they don’t have refrigeration, they use wood ash to help preserve the eggs. Fraxinus includes many economically important species because of its beautiful and useful wood. Send mail to with questions about this site. Its hardness and coarse grain make it difficult to work. White ash has the most spectacular fall color of all the ashes. After its introduction in 1956, it quickly became the most popular and most expensive landscaping selection, surpassing the high priced Ginkgo, London Plane & White/Burr Oak. For general undergraduate student information, contact Dr. Rick Durham at (859) 257-3249, or Wound Care. Of the North American ash species, white ash is the most valuable. [15] It is also used to make lobster traps. Copyright 2020, University of Kentucky, College of Agriculture, Food and Environment. It is said that, it requires a very high pressure to break this wood, which is dense with straight grains. Fire Control. They use wood ash, lime, cooked rice, clay, and salt. [11][12] The White Ash's compound leaves usually have 7 leaflets per leaf whereas other ash trees are usually more diverse.[13]. [24][25][26], An infested tree can be recognized by premature fall color and leaf senescence observed on affected branches between August and last week of September. "NatureServe Explorer 2.0 - Fraxinus americana, White Ash", World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, "The most common Ash species in the United States",, "Patriotically Protecting American Ash from Species Modern Day Extinction", Andrea C. Anulewicz, Deborah G. McCullough, and David L. Cappaert. Although durable to exposure from the elements, it won't, however, weather as well as white oak in outdoor projects. Overview Information Ash is a tree. For more information and current conditions on EAB infestation see the UK Entomology Department's online resources at. White Ash has excellent shock resistance, and along with hickory (Carya spp. Its wood is also valued for making veneer and furniture.