Constantine paved the way for Christianity to become the state religion a century before Hypatia’s death. If so, then this would be a shameful and completely unacceptable act for Christians to commit. The emperor provided tax relief for churches, subsidizing the empire’s financial loss by sacking ancient temples and melting their statues to collect precious metals. Hypatia may have written a commentary on Archimedes’ Dimension of the Circle. Unfortunately, Hypatia was killed by a mob of Christian zealots in particularly grisly fashion, turning her life story into a point of contention for centuries to come. Did he kill anyone who didn’t believe in God and burn everything that have nothing to do with the belief in God? Although lionized as Constantine the Great, many of his contemporaries were strongly opposed to him. Cyril didn't instigate the crowd. INTRODUCTION. There is no conceivable way to justify such a violent act by a Christian on anyone, whether their philosophy disagrees with Christianity or not. Orestes saw this not as a truce but as a pretense for publicly demonstrating his subservience to the bishop. Despite this, Theophilus tolerated Hypatia's school and seems to have regarded Hypatia as his ally. Hypatia was a known supporter of the Prefect Orestes and a known opponent of his political rival the Bishop Cyril. Hypatia came from a rich family that formed part of Alexandria’s civic elite. Both seem to be focused on justifying the expulsion of the Jews by Cyril, the Christian bishop, and on associating Orestes with Hypatia. Let us, for a moment, assume that this is a true story. And the governor of the city [Orestes] honored her exceedingly; for she had beguiled him through her magic. It is a regrettable fact that people who take the name Christian have committed heinous acts, including the destruction of cultural treasures which were associated with pagan ideas and even taking the life of pagans simply for not believing in God. What does it mean in the Bible when it says that God made humans from dust. He outlawed magic and private divination—except for his own personal use (he called on augurs to decipher the meaning of lightning strikes on imperial buildings). Hypatia of Alexandria (c. 370 CE - March 415 CE) was a female philosopher and mathematician, born in Alexandria, Egypt possibly in 370 CE (although some scholars cite her birth as c. 350 CE). The teachings of Arius, an early Christian writer who denied the divinity of Jesus Christ, were burned, and anyone found hiding his books was sentenced to death; other Christian writings, including the recently discovered Nag Hammadi manuscripts and the Dead Sea Scrolls, were hidden away during this period with the hope of preserving them. Constantine himself authored the Nicene Creed, probably the best-known utterance of a Roman emperor: “We believe in one God, the Father Almighty, Maker of Heaven and Earth.” The creed established the precise manner in which God was to be understood, setting into motion the persecution of Christians who interpreted scripture differently, in addition to all pagans. As Christianity gained traction, any vestige of idolatry was in danger. Her remains were burned in a mockery of pagan sacrifice. Christian factions had previously preached and interpreted their own unique gospels. One of the monks threw a rock at the prefect, gashing his forehead badly. The temple—as grand as Athens’ Acropolis—was razed to the ground, and its images, artwork, and statues were molten into pots and utensils for use by the church. Constantine killed his own son, the heir to the throne. Accustomed to worshipping as they pleased, they were horrified that the same gods who had protected and blessed them for centuries were now cursed as demons. Cyril did not instigate the mob against Hypatia nor was he there when they killed her. Pagan writings would likewise be viewed as heretical and suppressed. The emperor passed several laws constricting paganism while bolstering Christianity. Seizing this opportunity was Theophilus, bishop of Alexandria, who summoned the parabalani from their desert lairs to aid his overthrow of the most revered pagan monuments. He was quite biased against Christianity, which might partially explain his unsubstantiated speculations. The mob under Cyril latched on a rumor that she was prolonging the conflict by giving Orestes bad advice, so they did what mobs do: went to her house (in some accounts, her classroom), stripped her naked, and killed her.